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Embedded C Programming Compilers For 8051 Microcontroller

Embedded C Programming Compilers For 8051 Microcontroller

Todays sophisticated computers are developed as embedded systems so that they can be complimentarily used in mobile devices and electronic appliances. The microcontroller turns out to be the key element in an embedded system. Actually a microcontroller is a microprocessor giving more emphasis on the input & output operations. It controls the operation of electronic devices by giving them access to communication, measurements and switching information. Thus a microcontroller is regarded as a device controller. Intels 8051 microcontroller is among the oldest members of the microcontroller family, yet is very popular among users. Technical analysts attribute its popularity to its amazing architecture. Some of the reputed computer manufacturers like NXP, Silicon Labs & Atmel are still using 8051 microcontroller as the basis of their microcontrollers.

The 8051 microcontroller has a complicated memory structure that requires special software instructions to access it segment wise. Therefore special kind of compliers needs to be designed to make the memory accessible. Since the 8051 microcontroller is widely used in IT industry & many projects as well, companies have created their own 8051 microcontroller compatible compilers. As a result various kinds of embedded C programming compilers for 8051 microcontrollers are available in the market. Most of them are offered as part of a package along with debugger, simulator & integrated development environment (IDE). The Keil IDE/compiler is one such popular variety. Similarly SDCC (Small Device C Compiler) is a free & popular compiler that is found compatible with Zilog Z80, Motorola 68HC08, Maxim 80DS390 & Intel 8051 microcontrollers. The open source software code of SDCC is distributed under the guidelines of GNU General Public License.

Though pascal language is rarely used in embedded C programming, a few special Pascal compliers are available for the 8051 microcontroller. The Turbo51 & KSC Pascal51 are good examples of commercial Pascal compilers. Turbo51 is a free complier based on fast single pass & advanced multi-pass optimizing technology & using syntax of Borland Turbo Pascal 7.

While there are not enough options in basic or Pascal compilers, the C compilers are available in abundance. Users are facing difficulty in finding good quality basic or Pascal compilers for 8051 programming. The chief function of the compilers is the code they produce which should be optimized well to enhance the speed & size. However it is not the programming language in compilers which decide the size of the program codes for achieving specific tasks in 8051 programming. Either Pascal or C can be used to generate an optimized & compact code. It is the programmers preference on which platform he/she will feel comfortable working in.

Computer Science Admissions Requirements

Computer Science Admissions Requirements

Computer science admissions requirements vary from school to school, but there are some basic things that students can expect if they are applying to such a program at a four-year university. The following facts are important for any student to consider before they begin the computer science admissions process at their school of choice.

If a student has completed an associates degree at a community college, they will more than likely need a minimum GPA on all coursework taken in order to transfer into a Bachelor of Science program in Computer Science at an accredited four year college or university. For students coming into a college or university straight out of high school, there will be academic and SAT requirements. And there are typically prerequisite courses in subjects such as mathematics and science that must be taken before either type of student may enter the upper division computer science major. The GPA requirements for these classes may be higher than the average GPA requirements for all other coursework taken so far, and for students transferring in, the GPA requirements are probably going to be a bit higher all around.

After making it through the computer science admissions process, there will be several requirements that must be met in order to finish the program and graduate with a Bachelor of Science. At a typical four-year college, students must first complete all the general education requirements, which should take about two years, and declare their major by their sophomore year. Typical computer science courses taken after that are Introduction to Computing, Data Structures, Discrete Mathematics, Principles of Computer Organization, Principles of Programming Languages, Algorithms: Design & Practice, Analysis of Algorithms, Theory of Computation and six additional elective courses in computer science, plus a senior project or thesis.

The computer science admissions requirements may be tough, and the requirements to finish the program may be even tougher, but it is well worth it for the wonderful career opportunities that will be available thereafter. This is one of the most lucrative fields with terrific job outlook and positions available around the world.

Find the perfect Computer School today and start your path to a rewarding career.

Basic Materials Used In Making A Picoturbine Windmill For Your Science Fair Project

Basic Materials Used In Making A Picoturbine Windmill For Your Science Fair Project

Magnet, copper wire, aluminum wire, screws and clips, cardboard, and wood are the basic materials to used in making your own PicoTurbine windmill science fair project.

A PicoTurbine is a small windmill structure functioning to produce a small scale electric energy. A windmill structure is a very suitable science project idea for renewable energy topics. It is an ideal science fair project because it can be built easily. The materials used to make such project can also be easily found in any hardware store. PicoTurbine windmill is basically made from the list of items below.

Magnet

The magnet is basically used to attach with the rotor disk place above the wooden base of the PicoTurbine. It’s securely attached with a double sided tape to a thick cardboard to function as a rotor mechanism. When the rotor spins the magnet’s magnetic field will release enough voltage to light the light emitting diode or LED.

Copper wire

A copper wire is used as a pathway of the PicoTurbine’s electric circuit. It is generally used in building the stator segment of the turbine. It is also use to transport the voltage in lighting up the light emitting diode or LED. Expose the copper wire on the end of the coils with sandpaper. Remember to get rid of any enamel left on the copper to have an efficient stator.

Aluminum wire

An aluminum wire is used to assemble the base and yoke of the windmill. Wrap the aluminum around the dowel. Bend and loop the aluminum wire with pliers to form the yoke as well. The yolk and dowel can then be placed on the center of a wooden base by screwing it with Philips head screw.

Screws and clips

Screws and clips are essential bearing parts that are used in assembling the different segments of a PicoTurbine windmill. A Philips head screw is specifically used to attach the yoke and the axle of the windmill. Retaining clips are metal clips that fastened the dowel to the rotor. Screws and clips are the joints and tendons of the whole PicoTurbine skeletal structure.

Cardboard

The cardboard is the base support of the paper blade and turbine patterns. A cut-out paper template is glued to the cardboard to give it more weight. A cardboard is also used to support the magnet and the rotor.

Wood

Wood is basically used as a foundation of the PicoTurbine. Since wood is a solid material and can easily be screwed, it is an essential base to hold all of the windmill’s parts. An 8? by 5? wood is the ideal size for an 8? PicoTurbine windmill. A half inch thickness of the wooden base is also a complementing support.

Prepare all the necessary materials completely before you will start building your PicoTurbine windmill. PicoTurbine windmill kits are also available in the market to ensure that you have all the materials that you need. Scissors, screw driver, and ruler are the tools that may come in handy.

Web Hosting Myths Versus Facts

Web Hosting Myths Versus Facts

Web hosting is necessary for your site to function. Today, you can already choose from a wide array of web hosting service providers that fits to your needs. However, the influx of so many web hosting companies offering related services has made the competition catapulted to greater heights. As a result, most companies are becoming overwhelmed to offer different service packages just to attract clients and web hosting consumers. While these companies are sometimes true to their words, most of the times, they are not. Hence, you really have to know every aspect of web hosting and separate the myths from facts.

The first myth about web hosting is unlimited hosting being the best service package you should avail. If you come across to the homepages of web hosting companies, most of them reflects -unlimited hosting- as one of their service offering. Unfortunately, this is a faint lie. It simply does not exist. The fact is, there are actually some web hosting packages which guarantee you massive amount of bandwidth or storage, but never there is unlimited. If your site really needs great storage or bandwidth, you can simply ask your web hosting company to upgrade your subscription. The second myth is that free hosting is always of less quality and therefore unreliable. While part of this statement is true, the thing is, there are actually some quality free hosting services which you can avail. You just have to be so keen and patient enough to search for them. If you’re very knowledgeable in web researching, then it would not be much of a problem on you to land on a web hosting agencies which offer free and quality hosting solutions.

The third myth is the statement that there is no other web hosting package better than free hosting itself. Well, again, this is a case to case basis. Part of this statement can be true, but most of it is a fallacy. Though it is a better option to avail of a free hosting service compared to paid hosting, you must also consider some factors like the needed bandwidth or storage for your site. Most free hosting services only offer a very limited amount of bandwidth which could not accommodate the needs of your site. In this case, free hosting is not your option. Might as well avail of the paid hosting services from which you can rely especially in the aspect of stability, trust, and affordability.

offers in depth reviews of all the major joomla hosting companies including

Android Programming Tutorial- Best For Beginners

Android Programming Tutorial- Best For Beginners

Its a know fact that Android is an operating system based upon Linux which has a Java programming interface. It offers tools, e.g. a compiler, debugger along with a device emulator combined with particular Java Virtual machine (DVM). Android is made by the Open Handset Alliance which is lead by Google. Android supports 2-D and 3-D graphics utilizing the OpenGL libraries and supports data storage inside a SQLLite database. Google provides for development the Android Development Tools (ADT) for Eclipse to produce Android applications.

Every Android application works in its own process and is isolated from all other running applications. Therefore on misbehaving application cannot harm other Android applications.

If you wish to write programs for Android then according to My online research indicates that the following steps are a good kick off point to to become a master Android programmer:

1. Learn Java.
2. Install the Android Developer Kit, Eclipse, and the Eclipse plug-in for Android programming.
3. Figure out how to use Eclipse with the Android plug-in.
4. Learn how to design Java programs for Android.

Learn How To Program For Android Platform At EDUmobile.org

EDUmobile.ORG conducts the Internet’s most popular private Interactive Android Training Program, that is currently training over one hundred and fifty developers, at both the Beginner and Advanced levels.

Course creators and instructors have worked on mobile apps and mobile gaming projects published by top tier companies such as EA Mobile, iPlay, Oberon Media, Disney Mobile, Sony Pictures, Warner Bros, and Vodafone amongst others.

The Android Tutorials are Delivered By –

[1] Online Video Training Sessions
[2] One-on-One Interactive Online Support
[3] Weekly PDFs and Worksheets
[4] One or Two Live Industrial Projects

Learn more about the Android development tutorial and Android programming tutorial at EDUmobile.ORG

Parapsychic Science Schools

Parapsychic Science Schools

If you are interested in the spiritual world, and would like to study the sciences beyond physical laws of the universe, you might be interested in parapsychic science schools. The classes taught at schools for parapsychic science can include a wide variety of fascinating subjects, including clairvoyance, psychokinesis, hypnosis, extra sensory perception (ESP), telepathy, and many others.

Those who are involved with parapsychic science schools believe that there is a scientific domain that defies explanation by the known laws of physics or biology. Classes can cover a diverse range of topics, such as angels, astrology, spiritual development, ethical and legal issues in holistic care, regression therapy, sound therapy, chakra therapy, spiritual healing, divination, theology, near death experiences, astral projection, psychic healing, channeling, and vibrational healing, just to name a few. You may even be able to take a business management course in parapsychic schools to help you prepare for a career in parapsychology.

While some parapsychic science training concentrates strictly on metaphysical, paranormal and parapsychic studies, there are also traditional colleges and universities offering degrees in subjects such as psychology or anthropology with a concentration in parapsychology. You will find various certificates, diplomas and degrees offered by parapsychic science schools, such as the Parapsychology Certificate, Diploma of Parapsychology, Bachelor degree in Holistic Studies, Bachelor of Science in Parapsychological Studies, and others.

Schools for parapsychic science are in the business of preparing graduates to enter one or more of the various parapsychic occupations, such as spiritual counselor, astrologer, or holistic healer.

If you are interested in the parapsychic sciences and looking for instruction in the various fields of the paranormal, you may decide that parapsychic studies should be in your future. Submit a request for information to Parapsychic Science Schools found on our website, and you could soon be entering a new and exciting profession!

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERAL OVERVIEW and may or may not reflect specific practices, courses and/or services associated with ANY ONE particular school(s) that is or is not advertised on our website.

Copyright 2007 – All rights reserved by Media Positive Communications, Inc.

Notice: Publishers are free to use this article on an ezine or website, provided the article is reprinted in its entirety, including copyright and disclaimer, and ALL links remain intact and active.

DISH Network, an Obvious Choice to the Hindi Programming Viewers

DISH Network, an Obvious Choice to the Hindi Programming Viewers

DISH Network has given a new dimension to satellite TV entertainment. For the viewers it has come up with many strategically designed packages which are perfect to meet the need of the viewers. With any of the DISH Network package, the viewers will get the best value for their money. To meet the TV viewing needs of the international viewers, this service provider has designed many international packages. Hindi programming pack is one of the most popular one in the list.

Those who speak Hindi and living in the United States for them options are available in plenty. There are countless choices and they will hardly miss their native culture and language. Some of the most notable packs include Hindi Mega Pack, Hindi Super Pack, Hindi Elite Pack, and Hindi – SAB & Aapka Colors. Apart from these, there are other 35 packages which bring unlimited entertainment in Hindi Language.

Hindi – Star India One & Aapka Colors, Hindi – Sony & TV Asia, Hindi – Zee TV & Sahara One, Hindi Sony & Aapka Colors, Hindi: Zee Cinema, Hindi Sahara One & Star India One, Hindi Zee TV & SAB,Hindi: News Annual, Hindi: Zee Sports, etc. are some of the other remarkable names in the list.

Hindi Elite Pack has been destined to offer the best of Hindi Programming to the viewers. Just by paying $34.99, the viewer can enjoy exciting channels like Zee TV, STAR India One, SONY Entertainment Asia, and STAR India Plus. Wide and diverse array of programs are available to meet the expectation of the viewers.

Pay just $44.99 per month, and enjoy all the stunning programs ranging from sitcoms to the best comedy shows, reality shows to family dramas. Hindi Super Pack brings this exciting offer for the Hindi language viewers. Dont need to pay any activation fee to avail this pack and they get free standard installation service. Aapka Colors, Star India One, Zee TV, NDTV Imagine, Star India Plus, etc. are some of the notable channels in this package.

If you want more, sign up for Hindi Mega Pack, the most comprehensive packages in Hindi language in the United States. With just $59.99 per month, the viewers can take pleasure in wide variety of channels of all taste. Here you get to watch thrillers, lifestyle shows, latest news, latest movies, reality shows, and much much more. Some of the top channels in Hindi language are available in this pack. These include B4u Movies, B4u Music, Aaj Tak, Aapka Colors, Star India Plus, Zee Cinema, Headlines Today, etc.

With any of the above mentioned packages, the viewers can also subscribe SET MAX by paying just $19.99 per month. So, choose your preferred pack and enjoy TV viewing at the fullest.

Using The Right Computer Hardware For Your Email Marketing

Using The Right Computer Hardware For Your Email Marketing

If you are taking your business online and are thinking about running email campaigns for your business then bear one thing in mind that the selection of right computer hardware is equally important as the selection of any good email marketing software.
Email marketing is one of the most efficient and effective components of internet marketing or online marketing. It has the potential to take your sales a level above. It will without a doubt give your business a wider audience and more recognition. The digital footprint that you will have after running an email marketing campaign will be much wider.
Many people however do not believe in email marketing softwares. This is due to the basic errors they make while shopping for their email marketing software and computer hardware. Of course, a flawless marketing strategy is also required behind the back which will ensure that you are doing all the right things while sending emails to your contacts.
Email marketing softwares are very demanding resource wise and they do require good hardware to run on. Most people using email marketing softwares often complain that the system becomes very slow and it does not run accordingly and you have to restart your computer very often. This is because email marketing software requires good quality hardware and a good processor.
A good way to get rid of this issue is that firstly you should select email marketing software in accordance with your needs. Once you select your email marketing software, you will automatically have an idea about which computer hardware you need to have in order to run your software on optimal performance.
Most softwares come with specifications about what are the minimum hardware requirements for this software to run, what should be the operating system and how much RAM and hard disk space you require.
In order to make sure that your software runs at optimal performance, you should always make sure that you check the software requirements and purchase hardware accordingly. This will definitely ensure that your email marketing software runs best.

Motorola Gadget to Make Smartphones Like Computers

Motorola Gadget to Make Smartphones Like Computers

It’s dumb and it’s called a lapdoc but Motorola Mobility bets consumers will want to use this gadget to make their smartphones work more like real computers and help Motorola stand out from the crowd.

The company that invented the cellphone unveiled the Atrix 4G phone, which will attach to a new type of accessory called a lapdoc, a -dumb- device that looks like a laptop computer but does not work without the phone attached.

It has a laptop size screen and a keyboard aimed at better Web browsing, video viewing and typing than on a phone.

Chief executive Sanjay Jha told journalists at the Consumer Electronics Show that he aims to develop slimmer lapdocs onto which consumers could attach multiple phones.

While consumers can use smartphones for a lot of computing activities such as web browsing, Jha said they need more than this for long emails or watching a movie on a plane.

-I like it a lot because all we’ve done is added accessories to our devices and added applications that change the way you can use them,- Jha said.

-I think we’ve a chance of differentiating ourselves.- After the product unveiling in a big packed room where attendees cheered and clapped after seeing the demonstration Jha said he already has plans in place to expand the line up.

-If you wait you miss the slot, so you have to commit,- he said.

The second largest US mobile provider AT&T Inc highlighted Atrix at its product showcase earlier in the day and said it would sell it at a -competitive price- starting this quarter.

Motorola will also try to boost sales in the new product category with a marketing splash on the Atrix and lapdoc, which are so unusual, they need to be explained more carefully to consumers than typical phones, Jha said.

But chief marketing officer Bill Ogle said while Motorola will spend -dramatically more- on marketing this year it will still be a relatively small amount versus spending on devices like Razr, its flagship phone from 2004 to 2006.

Jha said Motorola Mobility, which was newly created a day before January 4 as a spin-off from Motorola Inc, would be cautious not to over-extend itself this year.

The executive has revamped the company in the last two years by focusing solely on smartphones based on Google Inc’s Android software.

With this in mind Jha said Motorola would not branch into new operating systems such as Windows Phone 7 from Microsoft Corp and will instead continue to focus on building Android phones for the foreseeable future.

Motorola will also keep its device line-up the same size or smaller than its 2010 range of 23 phone models, Jha said.

Why Is Linux Hosting So Popular

Why Is Linux Hosting So Popular

Linux hosting has become increasingly popular in recent years. Worldwide, well over 60% of web servers now run the Linux operating system and, from its humble beginnings in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s “mass collaboration and free software” project of the mid 1980s, Linux has grown to become the world’s dominant hosting solution.

The Linux operating system is an open source software collaboration project. Under the terms and conditions of the Linux GNU General Public License, all of the source code that makes this operating system function can be freely modified by absolutely anyone.

This “open source” approach to code development has allowed software writers from around the globe to contribute to the development and evolution of this unique operating system. This attitude contrasts sharply with organizations such as Microsoft, who continue to guard jealously the secrets of all their core systems and products. Many observers predicted the open source approach to software development would inevitably lead to horribly bloated software that was riddled with errors and inconsistencies. In fact, the opposite has turned out to be true and Linux has proved to be an extremely stable and well-designed operating system.

Web hosting companies quickly realized that offering Linux hosting could provide them with a number of clear advantages. It is an inexpensive operating system to own and replace. It is very easy to install, use and maintain. It is robust, stable, reliable and secure. And, most importantly, when the almost inevitable range of modifications and customizations are required, the open nature of the Linux project has ensured that a very wide range of experienced individuals and organizations are freely available.

Many of the advantages that Linux offers hosting organizations are also important for webmasters and web developers. Excellent reliability means that hosting companies running Linux-based systems will typically have excellent (in other words, very low) down time figures, and their hosting systems tend to be extremely resistant to virus attack. The latter is largely because virus writers still tend to concentrate on Windows operating systems, and this of course might change in the future. However, for the moment, hosting security is still a major advantage for Linux-based systems.

However, perhaps the most important weapon in the Linux armory is the freedom this system offers web developers to exploit other, extremely popular, open source products such as MySQL, XML, Python and PHP. All these software systems have grown in popularity along with Linux. The control and integration options built into Linux have made it the logical choice for both hosts and developers wishing to exploit these powerful open source products.

Finally, almost all Linux hosting systems now come with the hugely popular cPanel control panel. It is perhaps this user-friendly interface, more than any other, that has proved to be the Linux killer application.